Meeting Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP)
For a school to make AYP, all four student subgroups and the school overall must meet the annual state target on the reading/language arts and mathematics tests, 95 percent of students must participate in each test, and the school must meet the other academic indicator (state’s choice at the elementary and middle grades and graduation rate for high schools). If the school overall or if a single subgroup misses its target in mathematics or reading/language arts, if less than 95 percent of all students take the tests, or if the other indicator goal is missed, the school does not make AYP.
Title I schools that miss AYP 2 years in a row are identified as "in need of improvement" and must provide higher-performing school choice options to students. Schools that miss AYP 3 years in a row must offer low-income students supplementary education services (such as tutoring). Title I schools that fail to meet AYP for 4 consecutive years are subject to corrective action and must develop a plan to address their deficiencies, and Title I schools that miss AYP for 5 years must plan for restructuring. Another year of failure results in the school being required to implement the restructuring plan, which can include replacing the school staff, converting the school to a charter school, or a state takeover of the school. To exit “in need of improvement” status, a school must make AYP for 2 consecutive years. States are required to measure AYP for all schools, but only Title I schools are required to implement improvements or corrective actions.