Lesson 1 Summary

Key Points:

  • ESEA is one of the core laws influencing school performance measures.
  • The primary goal of the current ESEA is to close achievement gaps between disadvantaged groups of students and their peers and to ensure that 100 percent of students are proficient on state assessments in reading/language arts and math by 2013–14.
  • State progress toward meeting the primary goal of ESEA is assessed by state testing of students in grades 3–8 and once in high school in reading/language arts and math and by the setting of annual targets that progress to100 percent proficiency. Schools that attain the targets meet “adequate yearly progress” (AYP).
  • Schools that receive Title I funding for having a high number of low-income students are subject to sanctions and interventions if they do not meet AYP. States are required to measure AYP for all schools, but only Title I schools are subject to sanctions and corrective actions.
  • ESEA set requirements that all states must follow in determining whether schools meet AYP; however, states are provided flexibility to, among other things, develop content standards and assessments that are then reviewed by the ED for alignment and to ensure that they produce valid and reliable results.
  • A school meets AYP when all student subgroups and the school overall meet the annual state target on the reading/language arts and math tests, at least 95 percent of students participate in each test, and the school has met other academic indicators.
  • Additional measures of student performance have been developed by many states including individual state accountability systems, norm-referenced tests, and “growth models” for Title I accountability determinations.
  • The Common Core State Standards are intended to set expectations for students in each grade level that would lead to college and career readiness by the end of high school.

Looking Forward: Next, learn how state and local reporting requirements mandate the provision of useful data that can help military families support their child’s education.