The following information defines basic terms and military reference information:

ADA: The Americans With Disabilities Act prohibits disability discrimination in the full range of state and local government series, programs and activities (including public schools) regardless of whether they receive any federal financial assistance.

ADA: Average Daily Attendance is a statistic often used to determine school funding that represents the total number of days of attendance for all students divided by the total number of school days in a given period.

AP: Advanced Placement is a curriculum in the United States sponsored by the College Board that offers standardized courses to high school students that are generally recognized to be equivalent to undergraduate courses in college.

ARRA: The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, commonly referred to as the Stimulus or Recovery Act, was intended to create jobs and promote investment and consumer spending in the United States through a package of federal tax incentives, expansion of unemployment benefits and other social welfare provisions, and domestic spending in education, health care, and infrastructure, including the energy sector.

AYP: Adequate yearly progress is the measure by which schools, districts, and states are held accountable for student performance under Title I of the No Child Left Behind Act. States must hold schools and districts accountable for making adequate yearly progress toward all students reaching proficiency. States have the flexibility to define adequate yearly progress but must include certain required elements.

BRAC: Large Scale Rebasing Program is a Department of Defense Impact Aid program that is not always fully funded by Congress, but provides financial assistance to local education agencies that are heavily impacted by an overall increase or reduction of their population due to large scale rebasing.

BSP: Basic Support Payments are a primary category of Impact Aid funding that supplements lost revenue for school districts that serve military-connected children or are located on federally connected land. Districts must both meet eligibility requirements and submit an annual application to receive funds.

CCSSO: Council of Chief State School Officers is a nonpartisan, nationwide, nonprofit organization of public officials who head departments of elementary and secondary education in the states, the District of Columbia, the Department of Defense Education Activity, and five U.S. extra-state jurisdictions. CCSSO provides leadership, advocacy, and technical assistance on major educational issues, and jointly operates the Common Core State Standards Initiative.

CO: Commanding Officer. This is the officer in command of a military unit. Typically, the commanding officer has ultimate authority over the unit, and is usually given wide latitude to run the unit as he or she sees fit, within the bounds of military law.

CSP: Community Strategic Plan contains the direction, guiding principles and goals for the Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) school system.

CTE: Career and technical education refers to training and education for jobs that are based on manual or practical activities, are traditionally non-academic, and are related to a specific trade, occupation, or vocation.

CWSD: Children with Severe Disabilities is a Department of Defense Impact Aid program that supports schools serving two or more military-connected children with severe disabilities that require certain special education costs.

CYB-MFLC: Child and Youth Behavioral Military and Family Life Consultants are masters or PhD level, licensed and credentialed clinical providers who provide consultation, training and educational presentations to Department of Defense Child and Youth Programs, school staff, and military families, as well as provide counseling support to military-connected children and adolescents with parental consent.

CYP: Child and Youth Programs provide developmental childcare and youth recreational programs and services designed to meet the unique needs of military-connected children and their families.  

DEL: Dependent Education Liaison is an educational coordinator who works with families and students to help with educational services and challenges associated with schooling around deployment and transition.

DDESS: Domestic Dependent Elementary and Secondary Schools. Schools operated by the Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) in the United States.

Dependent: A family member for whom a service member is legally and financially responsible – usually a spouse or child.

DoD: Department of Defense is the oldest and largest federal agency in the United States bearing the mission to provide the military forces needed to deter war and to protect the security of our country.

DODDS: Department of Defense Dependent Schools. Schools operated overseas by the Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA).

DoDEA: Department of Defense Education Activity is a civilian agency of the United States government bearing a mission to plan, direct, coordinate, and manage the education programs for eligible dependents of United States military personnel and civilian personnel of the Department of Defense.

DSSR: Department of State Standardized Regulations determines the reimbursement rates for overseas schools and supplemental services for eligible military personnel that cover the expenses that would be otherwise paid for by public schools in the United States.

ED: Department of Education is a Cabinet-level federal agency that establishes policy for and administers and coordinates most federal assistance to education, collects data on US schools, and enforces federal educational laws regarding privacy and civil rights.

EFMP: Exceptional Family Member Program refers to two different functions. The personnel function is a mandatory program for all active duty service members that identifies family members with special medical and/or educational needs, documents the services they require, and considers those needs during personnel assignment processes. The family support function offers support services to exceptional family members, but is not mandatory and differs in each military branch.

EI: Early Intervention services are preventive or remedial in nature and are recommended to children under the age of 3 whose evaluation or assessment has determined a condition or special need is present.

EL: English Learners are defined as students who do not speak English as a first language; they represent a growing population in the United States.

ELO: Extended/expanded learning opportunities are initiatives that provide safe, structured environments for students outside of the regular school day including extended day/year initiatives; before- and after-school programs; Saturday, weekend, and summer programs; distance learning, and early childhood education initiatives, among others.

ESEA: The Elementary and Secondary Education Act emphasizes equal access to education, establishes high standards and accountability, and authorizes federally funded education programs that are administered by the states. The primary goal of the legislation is to close achievement gaps between disadvantaged groups of students and their peers and to ensure that 100 percent of students are proficient on state assessments in reading/language arts and mathematics by 2013-14.

FERPA: The Family Education Right and Privacy Act affords parents certain rights to access, amend, and prevent disclosure of their child’s education records, such as report cards, Individualized Education Plans, transcripts, and disciplinary records, by education agencies and institutions that receive federal funding.

GS: General Schedule is the predominant pay scale within the United States civil service, including the majority of white collar personnel (professional, technical, administrative, and clerical) positions.

IDEA: The Individuals With Disabilities Education Act governs how states, school districts, and other public agencies provide early intervention, special education, and related services to eligible infants, toddlers, children, and youth with disabilities.

IEP: An Individualized Education Plan is a legally binding document that describes the educational program that has been developed and tailored to an individual student's special needs as identified during a mandatory evaluation process. The IEP creates an opportunity for teachers, parents, school administrators, related services personnel, and students (when age appropriate) to work together to improve educational results for children with disabilities.

JFSAP: Joint Family Support Assistance Program partners with military, state and local resources and provides financial and material assistance, mobile support services, sponsorship of volunteers and family support professionals for the delivery of support services, coordination of family assistance programs, and facilitation of discussion about military family assistance programs, activities and initiatives.

LEA: Local Education Agency can refer to a public school district, school division or county.  

LOT: Learning Opportunities Threshold is a main factor in the funding formula for the Impact Aid Basic Support Payments and is the adjustment that determines the final scaled-down payment to be given to a district when the program is not fully funded.

MFLC: Military Family Life Consultants provide education, resources and short-term, non-medical counseling to military personnel and their families including support for a range of issues such as relationships, crisis intervention, stress management, grief, occupational and other individual and family issues.

Mobilization: The assembling of forces in preparation for deployment.

MOU: Memorandum of Understanding is a document describing a bilateral or multilateral agreement between parties that expresses a convergence of will and indicates a common line of action or set of principles.

NAEP: National Assessment of Education Progress exam is the largest nationally representative and continuing assessment that provides results on subject-matter achievement, instructional experiences, and school environment for populations of students and groups within those populations.

NCLB: No Child Left Behind is the name given to the 2001 reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, the primary goal of which is to close achievement gaps between disadvantaged groups of students and their peers and to ensure that 100 percent of students are proficient on state assessments in reading/language arts and mathematics by 2013-14.

NDSP: Non-DoDEA Schools Program provides support and funding for the education of authorized command-sponsored dependents of military members and Department of Defense (DoD) civilian employees assigned to overseas areas where no DoDEA school is available within the commuting area.

PCS: Permanent Change of Station is reassignment to a different military installation.

PIE: Partners in Education is a program that links students with community partners, primarily local businesses, that help provide education and exposure to enriching experiences for students.

PIRC: Parent Information and Resource Center were established by the Elementary and Secondary Education Act are funded to provide strengthen family-school partnerships and assist families to understand accountability data and the availability of school choice and supplemental service options.

PSCD: Preschool Services for Children with Disabilities is specially designed instruction, support, and services provided to students with an identified disability requiring an individually designed instructional program to meet their unique learning needs.

PTA: Parent Teacher Association is a formal organization composed of parents, teachers and staff that is intended to facilitate parental participation in schools, support teachers, and organize family events.

Reserve Components: Army National Guard of the United States, Army Reserve, Navy Reserve, Marine Corps Reserve, Air National Guard of the United States, Air Force Reserve, and Coast Guard Reserve.

SCOR: Special Care Organizational Record is designed as an organizing tool for families who have family members with special health care needs. It is used to keep track of information about the health and care of military-connected family members with special needs.

SEA: State Education Agencies have authority, depending on state law, to distribute federal funds to school districts and implement state and federal policies.

Section 504: Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 prohibits discrimination of the basis of disability in programs or activities that receive federal financial assistance.

SES: Supplemental Education Service programs offer free tutoring and remedial support to students in Title I schools designated in need of improvement for two years under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.

SRC: School Report Cards are the Department of Defense Education Activity’s (DoDEA) Web based reporting system designed to help families transitioning to DoDEA schools by offering an overview of DoDEA schools including school contact information, school student demographic profile, and student academic performance on standardized tests.

STOMP: Specialized Training of Military Parents is a federally funded initiative operated by military-connected parents of children with disabilities that was established to assist military families who have children with special education or health needs.

Title I: Title I is the largest federal aid program for schools through which the Federal government gives money to school districts around the country based on the number of low-income families in each district. Many of the major requirements in No Child Left Behind are outlined including adequate yearly progress, teacher and paraprofessional requirements, accountability, sanctions for schools designated for improvement, standards and assessments, annual state report cards, professional development, and parent involvement.

Title VI: Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is the legislation that has been interpreted to require schools to establish programs for English Learners when necessary and to provide equal educational opportunities for these students.

TRIAP: TRICARE Assistance Program is short-term, non-medical assistance that augments TRICARE’s many existing benefits by providing behavioral and psychological health counseling and assessments to eligible active duty military personnel and their families.

TRICARE: The triple-option Department of Defense health care program. It relies on a commercial contractor to develop and manage the private sector network of healthcare providers and service. This network is utilized by CHAMPUS beneficiaries when care is not readily available in the Military Treatment Facility (MTF).